With its main focus on the natural element, the project unifies the two parks to the west and east of the complex by connecting them with a gallery passing through the building. This particular space takes the form of a linear urban hub within the hospital, open to the outside. The building organism is in fact conceived as an open and integrated system living in the surrounding environment, in which the landscaping creates a bridge between the aesthetic effect and the achievement of specific environmental performances.
The green area of the project is articulated through different strategies based on the principles of Nature Based Solutions (NBS). The selection of the vegetation includes plants belonging to the native flora but also allochthonous plants, seeking a balance to face the threat of climate change in the coming decades.
Following the principle of the “continuity of the canopy” of the trees, the pedestrian passage areas are conceived as small woods spaces, guaranteeing greater psycho-physical and thermal comfort for users, according to the principles of biophilia. The square just outside the building continues inside the hospital, transforming the atrium into a large winter garden.
As far as pavements are concerned, each foreseen technical solution related to mobility will have its own green counterpart to balance its negative externalities. The waterproofed part of the soil will be reduced as much as possible, also thanks to the use of draining asphalt. At the same time, the presence of trees will guarantee the shading of most of the paved surfaces, thus reducing dramatically the heat island effect.
Bioswales are also part of the project, to promote the infiltration of rainwater into the ground and reduce the load on the water network. The floodable garden increases the multifunctionality of the park surrounding the hospital. In fact, numerous activities will find space in this area (paths, leisure areas, wet gardens and so on), compatible with the need to periodically flood the area for short periods, taking inspiration from the concept of “water squares”.
Roof gardens, playgrounds and structures for outdoor activities are planned on the terraces and inside the hospital structure. Finally, the view towards the nearby industrial area is mitigated by a rows of trees planted in the southern part of the park.