Urban regeneration for new school

Year: 2022
Location: Scandicci, Firenze
Customer: Municipality of Scandicci
Status: Competition – 1st prize
Surface: 13000 mq
Partner: BSTR Architects, Rosso19, Alessandro Ansaldi, RethinkEnergy
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The new school and its garden create a complex educational space, thanks to the inclusion of different thematic areas and plants of different types and species, with the aim of stimulating contact with Nature and improving the knowledge of vegetation, colors and scents, according to a multisensory approach.

The approach followed by the design team first of all analyzed the surrounding context in order to obtain a design solution that would ensure an adequate level of project integration, both from a landscape and functional point of view, by improving the use of the area and the connection with the surrounding points of interest.

The selection of landscaping elements was based on the study of native or naturalized flora, with the integration of ornamental plants commonly used in the urban reference area. Seasonality and ability of the project plants to change color at the leaf level or produce scents as the seasons pass were also key factors in the selection process This aspect enhances the aesthetics of green areas and makes them more interesting to users, creating different scenery depending on the time of year we find ourselves frequenting them. Particular attention has been paid to the ability of the design species to provide an adequate level of shade at ground level, especially with regard to the paths and rest areas distributed within the green area.

The parking areas are designed to ensure a high level of urban comfort and to re-establish a connection with the soil by reclaiming large permeable surfaces, through the construction of parking spaces on grassed grating, by planting a large number of trees and, last but not least, by using bioswales. These arrangements make it possible to improve the resilience of the entire area from the point of view of water management and mitigation of the urban heat island effect.

pecifically, bioswales consist of mainly longitudinally developed green surfaces located at a lower elevation than the ground level, which can act as collection basin for rainwater, temporarily stored to delay its entry into the sewer system and subjected to pollutant purification through biological phenomena occurring in the rhizosphere.

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The school garden project will include the creation of multipurpose spaces dedicated to planting and caring for plants and flowers, the placement of bird nests or houses, play areas, benches and tables for drawing or studying outdoors, tree groups, hedges and scented flower beds. Special attention will be paid to the use of hardy plants that require minimal maintenance so as to improve the resilience of the area and reduce management costs.

Shrubs, herbaceous perennials and ground cover plants are distributed to accompany the network of pathways through the garden of the school complex, in order to develop a system of flower beds capable of interconnecting the different parts of the green area.

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